Chickenpox

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Chickenpox

Chickenpox is a viral disease that can occur in winter and spring. It can often occur between March and May but its prevalence is lower the past few years. 

Chickenpox is a viral disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus. It causes fever and itchy rash with spots all over the body. It often starts without the classic rash, with a fever, headachesore throat, or stomachache. These symptoms may last for a few days, with the fever in the 38.3°–38.8°C range. The red, itchy skin rash usually starts on the belly or back and face. Then it spreads to almost everywhere else on the body, including the scalp, mouth, arms, legs, and genitals. The rash begins as many small red bumps that look like pimples or insect bites. They appear in waves over 2 to 4 days, then develop into thin-walled blisters filled with fluid. The blister walls break, leaving open sores, which finally crust over to become dry, brown scabs. The rash may spread wider or be more severe in kids who have weak immune systems or skin disorders like eczema

This virus also can cause a painful skin rash called shingles (herpes zoster) later in life. After someone has had chickenpox, the virus stays dormant (resting) in the nervous system for the rest of their life. The virus can reactivate ("wake up") later as shingles. Kids who are vaccinated against chickenpox are much less likely to develop shingles when they get older.

Chickenpox is very contagious. Most kids with an infected sibling also will get it (if they haven't already had the infection or the vaccine), showing symptoms about 2 weeks after the first child does.

 

Someone with chickenpox can spread the virus:

  • through droplets in the air by coughing or sneezing
  • in their mucus, saliva (spit), or fluid from the blister

 

Chickenpox is contagious from about 2 days before the rash starts until all the blisters are crusted over. Someone with shingles can spread chickenpox (but not shingles) to people who haven't had chickenpox or the vaccine.

Some people are more at risk for complications from chickenpox, including:

  • pregnant women
  • newborns born to mothers who had chickenpox
  • patients with leukemia
  • kids receiving medicines that suppress the immune system
  • anyone with immune system problems

Most people who get the chickenpox vaccine will not get chickenpox. And if they do get chickenpox, their symptoms will be much milder. 

Doctors recommend that kids get the chickenpox vaccine as:

  1. a first shot when they're 12–15 months old
  2. a booster shot when they're 4–6 years old

People 6 years of age and older who have never had chickenpox and aren't vaccinated can and should get two doses of the vaccine but kids who have had chickenpox do not need the vaccine — they usually have lifelong protection against the illness.

Doctors usually can diagnose chickenpox by looking at the telltale rash.

If you take your child to the doctor for better guidance, let the staff know ahead of time that your child might have chickenpox. It's important not to expose other kids in the office — for some of them, a chickenpox infection could cause serious complications.

virus causes chickenpox, so antibiotics can't treat it. But antibiotics are needed if bacteria infect the sores. This can happen when kids scratch and pick at the blisters.

To help relieve the itchiness and discomfort of chickenpox:

  • Use cool wet compresses or give baths in lukewarm water every 3–4 hours for the first few days. Oatmeal bath products, available at supermarkets and drugstores, can help to relieve itching. (Baths do not spread the rash.)
  • Pat (don't rub) the body dry.
  • Put calamine lotion on itchy areas (but don't use it on the face, especially near the eyes).
  • Ask your doctor or pharmacist about pain-relieving creams to apply to sores in the genital area.
  • Ask the doctor about using over-the-counter medicine to take by mouth for itching.

To prevent scratching:

  • Put mittens or gloves on your child's hands to avoid scratching during sleep. 
  • Trim fingernails and keep them clean.

If your child has blisters in the mouth:

  • Give cold, soft, bland foods because chickenpox in the mouth can make it hard to drink or eat. Avoid anything acidic or salty, like orange juice or pretzels.
  • Give your child acetaminophen to help relieve pain.

·       Never give aspirin to kids with chickenpox. It can lead to a serious illness called Reye syndrome.

Most chickenpox infections don't need special medical treatment. But sometimes, problems can happen. Call the doctor if your child:

  • has a fever that lasts for more than 4 days
  • has a severe cough or trouble breathing
  • has an area of rash that leaks pus (thick, yellowish fluid) or becomes red, warm, swollen, or sore
  • has a severe headache
  • is very drowsy or has trouble waking up
  • has trouble looking at bright lights
  • has trouble walking
  • seems confused
  • is vomiting
  • seems very ill
  • has a stiff neck

 

Sanondaf deal with outbreaks, infections and contamination caused by:

·       Norovirus, flu viruses including swine flu and bird flu

·       Bacterial outbreaks caused by salmonella, E. coli, MRSA and C. diff

·       High-risk pathogens such as hepatitis, tuberculosis and HIV

Our process can also be effective against outbreaks caused by:

·       Chickenpox

·       Hand, foot and mouth disease

·       Scarlet fever

·       Mumps

https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/chicken-pox.html

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