Hepatitis or liver inflammation is caused by several factors like some kind of toxins (e.g. mycotoxins produced by some mold species), certain medical conditions, and viruses. Hepatitis viruses are divided into 5 types: A, B, C, D, and E. Each virus causes a distinct type of hepatitis.
Hepatitis A is a vaccine-preventable liver infection caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). HAV is found in the stool and blood of infected people. Hepatitis A is very contagious. It is spread when someone unknowingly ingests the virus through close personal contact with an infected person or through eating contaminated food or drink. Symptoms of hepatitis A can last up to 2 months and include fatigue, nausea, stomach pain, and jaundice. Most people with hepatitis A do not have a long-lasting illness.
Hepatitis B is a vaccine-preventable liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Hepatitis B is spread when blood, semen, or other body fluids from a person infected with the virus enters the body of someone who is not infected. This can happen through sexual contact; sharing needles, syringes, or other drug-injection equipment; or from mother to baby at birth. Symptoms can include fatigue, poor appetite, stomach pain, nausea, and jaundice. Hepatitis B is a short-term illness but can cause chronic disease. The risk for chronic infection is related to age at infection: about 90% of infants with hepatitis B go on to develop chronic infection, whereas only 2%–6% of people who get hepatitis B as adults become chronically infected. Chronic disease can lead to health issues like cirrhosis, liver damage, and cancer. Poor infection control has resulted in outbreaks in health care facilities.
Hepatitis C is a liver infection caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Hepatitis C is spread through contact with blood from an infected person. For some people, hepatitis C is a short-term illness, but more than 50% of people who get infected with the hepatitis C virus develop a chronic infection. Chronic hepatitis C can result in serious, even life-threatening health problems like cirrhosis and liver cancer. People with chronic hepatitis C can often have no symptoms and don’t feel sick. When symptoms appear, they often are a sign of advanced liver disease.
Hepatitis D is a liver infection caused by the hepatitis D virus (HDV). Hepatitis D only occurs in people who are also infected with the hepatitis B virus. Hepatitis D is spread when blood or other body fluids from a person infected with the virus enters the body of someone who is not infected. Hepatitis D can be an acute, short-term infection or become a long-term, chronic infection. Hepatitis D can cause severe symptoms and serious illnesses that can lead to life-long liver damage and even death. People can become “coinfected” with both hepatitis B and hepatitis D viruses at the same time or get hepatitis D after first being infected with the hepatitis B virus (known as “superinfection”).
Hepatitis E is a liver infection caused by the hepatitis E virus (HEV). HEV is found in the stool of an infected person. It is spread when someone unknowingly ingests the virus – even in microscopic amounts. In developing countries, people most often get hepatitis E from drinking water contaminated by feces from people who are infected with the virus. People have gotten sick with hepatitis E after eating raw or undercooked pork, venison, wild boar meat, or shellfish. Symptoms of hepatitis E can include fatigue, poor appetite, stomach pain, nausea, and jaundice. However, many people with hepatitis E, especially young children, have no symptoms. Chronic infection can occur in immunocompromised people.
Sanondaf’s Decontamination and Advanced Infection Prevention treatments effectively eradicate a broad spectrum of pathogens and are completely effective against high-risk pathogens such as Hepatitis viruses.